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VACCINE PROGRAMMES

Zoetis has a range of respiratory vaccines to ensure the most appropriate vaccination programme for your farm. The following shows some typical vaccination programmes for different age/management groups of calves. You should discuss with your vet the most appropriate vaccination programme for your farm.

 

vaccine programs
Dairy Heifer Calves Young reared calves Spring born suckler calves
vaccine programs
Autumn born suckler calves Bought-in store cattle/finishers

 

vaccine programs

DAIRY HEIFER
CALVES

dairy calf icon

 

Pneumonia is common in young calves, and dairy heifer calves are particularly susceptible during the first few months of life, a critical period when direct links have been shown between growth rates and age at first calving1, first1,2 and second3 lactation milk yield and longevity in the dairy herd.4

These calves therefore require a vaccination programme which can be started from a young age and which works rapidly to ensure the earliest possible protection. Vaccination via the intranasal route is one way to achieve this.

Farm specific risk factors determine the duration and breadth of protection required. Zoetis have a comprehensive range of respiratory vaccines allowing the flexibility to select an appropriate vaccination programme based on the needs of the individual farm.

 

OPTION 1
3 months protection against brsv and pi3v

Rispoval® IntraNasal can be used from just 9 days of age to provide the earliest possible protection against BRSv and Pi3v. With immunity proven to last at least 12 weeks, young calves are protected during their most vulnerable period.

Dairy Calves Option 1 

OPTION 2
6 months protection against brsv and pi3v (+/- ibr)

Rispoval® IntraNasal, used from 9 days of age, provides the earliest possible protection against BRSv and Pi3v, with immunity proven to last at least 12 weeks. Six months protection against BRSv and Pi3v can be achieved by administering a further dose of Rispoval® IntraNasal 12 weeks after the initial dose. Where required a single dose of Rispoval® IBR Marker Live or Tracherine™ given to calves over 3 months of age will provide 6 months protection against IBR.

Dairy Option 2 

OPTION 3
9 months protection against brsv and pi3v + 6 months against ibr & bvdv

Rispoval® IntraNasal, used from 9 days of age, provides the earliest protection against BRSv and Pi3v, with immunity proven to last at least 12 weeks. From 3 months of age, a follow on course of 2 doses of Rispoval® 4 will provide a further 6 months of protection against BRSv and Pi3v and also against IBR and BVDv, ensuring ongoing protection against all 4 key viral causes of pneumonia.

Dairy calves option 3

 

*No information is available on the safety and efficacy of concurrent use of Rispoval® IntraNasal with Tracherine™ or Rispoval® IBR-Marker Live. The decision regarding timing of administration of either vaccine in relation to the other should be made by the prescribing veterinary surgeon on a case by case basis.

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vaccine programs

YOUNG REARED
CALVES

beef and dairy icon

 

Dairy bred beef calves represent a particularly high risk sector, having been born on the dairy farm and commonly sold and moved to a new holding from one week of age, where they may mix with calves from multiple sources. Vaccination is often given on or soon after arrival at the rearing unit.

These calves therefore require a vaccination programme which can be started from a young age and which works rapidly to ensure the earliest possible protection. Vaccination via the intranasal route is one way to achieve this.

Reared calves frequently move holding again at around 12-14 weeks of age which represents another risk. At this age, IBR assumes greater significance in particular where calves go on to share housing with older cattle. Ongoing protection can be provided through a number of different vaccination options. Zoetis have a comprehensive range of respiratory vaccines allowing the flexibility to select an appropriate vaccination programme for each farm.

 

OPTION 1
6 months protection against brsv and pi3v (+/- ibr)

Rispoval® IntraNasal, used from 9 days of age, provides the earliest possible protection against BRSv and Pi3v, with immunity proven to last at least 12 weeks. Six months protection against BRSv and Pi3v can be achieved by administering a further dose of Rispoval® IntraNasal 12 weeks after the initial dose. Where required a single dose of Rispoval® IBR Marker Live or Tracherine™ given to calves over 3 months of age will provide 6 months protection against IBR.

Young reared calves option 1 

OPTION 2
9 months protection against brsv and pi3v + 6 months against ibr & bvdv

Rispoval® IntraNasal, used from 9 days of age, provides the earliest protection against BRSv and Pi3v, with immunity proven to last at least 12 weeks. From 3 months of age, a follow on course of 2 doses of Rispoval® 4 will provide a further 6 months of protection against BRSv and Pi3v and also against IBR and BVDv, ensuring ongoing protection against all 4 key viral causes of pneumonia.

Young reared calves option 2

 

*No information is available on the safety and efficacy of concurrent use of Rispoval® IntraNasal with Tracherine™ or Rispoval®  IBR-Marker Live. The decision regarding timing of administration of either vaccine in relation to the other should be made by the prescribing veterinary surgeon on a case by case basis.

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vaccine programs

spring-born beef suckler calves
(homebred or bought in)

beef icon

 

Beef suckled calves weaned and housed in autumn benefit from broad respiratory disease protection that provides cover throughout the winter housing period.

For bought-in weaned calves not vaccinated pre-sale, another consideration is getting protection in place as quickly as possible after arrival. Combinations of intra-nasally delivered vaccines may be preferable in this situation.

Zoetis have a comprehensive range of respiratory vaccines allowing the flexibility to select an appropriate vaccination programme based on the needs of each individual farm.

 

OPTION 1
6 months of protection against brsv, pi3v, ibr & bvdv

A 2 dose course of Rispoval® 4 provides cover against all four key viral causes of respiratory disease (BRSv, PI3v, IBR and BVDv) for up to 6 months, ensuring broard protection throughout the winter housing period.

Spring born calves option 1

 

OPTION 2
6 months protection against brsv, pi3v & bvdv +/- ibr

Where protection against IBR is not required or where a marker IBR vaccine is required (marker vaccines allow differentiation between animals which have been infected and those which have been vaccinated) a 2 dose course of Rispoval® 3 will provide cover against three key viral causes of respiratory disease (BRSv, PI3v, and BVDv) for up to 6 months, ensuring protection throughout the winter housing period. Where IBR cover is required from a marker vaccine, a single dose of Rispoval® IBR Marker Live will provide 6 months of protection.

Spring born option 2

 

OPTION 3
6 months rapid onset protection against brsv, pi3v & ibr

For bought-in calves or as an alternative option for home-bred calves where rapid protection is required, and BVDv cover is less important or not required, combinations of single dose intranasal vaccines can protect calves sooner. Rispoval® IntraNasal will protect in just 5-10 days and Tracherine™ in just 4 days, with cover provided for 12 weeks against BRSv and PI3v, and 6 months against IBR. Six months protection against BRSv and Pi3v can be achieved by administering a further dose of Rispoval® IntraNasal 12 weeks after the initial dose.

Spring born calves option 3

 

*No information is available on the safety and efficacy of concurrent use of Rispoval® IntraNasal with Tracherine™ or Rispoval® 3 with Rispoval® IBR-Marker Live. The decision regarding timing of administration of either vaccine in relation to the other should be made by the prescribing veterinary surgeon on a case by case basis.

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vaccine programs

autumn born suckler calves

beef icon

 

These calves are either born outdoors and housed at a young age or born indoors into a higher risk environment, so need a vaccine which can be used early and works fast to provide protection and minimise viral loads in the shed. Vaccination via the intranasal route is one way to achieve this.

Farm specific risk factors, such as whether or not the group remains stable throughout winter, will determine the need for further vaccination, but where ongoing protection is required, the Zoetis respiratory vaccine range allows the flexibility to choose the most appropriate solution for each farm.

 

OPTION 1
3 months protection against brsv and pi3v

Rispoval® IntraNasal can be used from just 9 days of age to provide the earliest possible protection against BRSv and Pi3v. With immunity proven to last at least 12 weeks, calves are protected during the vulnerable first few months of life.

Autumn born calves option 1 

OPTION 2
6 months protection against brsv and pi3v (+/- ibr)

Rispoval® IntraNasal, used from 9 days of age, provides the earliest possible protection against BRSv and Pi3v, with immunity proven to last at least 12 weeks. Six months protection against BRSv and Pi3v can be achieved by administering a further dose of Rispoval® IntraNasal 12 weeks after the initial dose. Where required a single dose of Rispoval® IBR Marker Live or Tracherine™ given to calves over 3 months of age will provide 6 months protection against IBR.

Autumn born calves option 2

 

*No information is available on the safety and efficacy of concurrent use of Rispoval® IntraNasal with Tracherine™ or Rispoval® IBR-Marker Live. The decision regarding timing of administration of either vaccine in relation to the other should be made by the prescribing veterinary surgeon on a case by case basis.

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vaccine programs

BOUGHT-IN STORE CATTLE/FINISHERS

beef icon

 

These cattle are at high risk from respiratory disease because of the stress of transportation and change of holding, and potential mixing of batches of animals where disease status for IBR and BVDv may be unknown.

Being older and having already gone through a winter housing period the key risk for these cattle is IBR, and unless vaccinated prior to being sold, they often require rapid onset protection on or soon after arrival at the new holding. Protection against Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica may also be required as this bacteria can be associated with disease in transported cattle.

 

OPTION 1
rapid onset protection against ibr

Single dose intranasal vaccines work locally to provide rapid immunity. Tracherine™ will protect cattle against IBR in just 4 days and provide 6 months of cover.

Bought in calves option 1 

OPTION 2
rapid onset protection against ibr and pi3v

Single dose intranasal vaccination with Imuresp™ RP protects against IBR and another virus, Pi3v, within just 4 days, and provides up to 6 months of cover. Pi3v is a respiratory virus which causes damage to the local respiratory defences increasing the risk of both IBR, and bacterial causes of pneumonia (such as Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica). The addition of Pi3v alongside IBR provides broader protection for these calves.

Bought in calves option 2 

OPTION 3
rapid onset protection against ibr, pi3v and m.haemolytica

Single dose intranasal vaccines Tracherine™ or Imuresp™ RP providing rapid immunity against IBR +/- Pi3v, can be combined with Rispoval® Pasteurella, a single dose intramuscular vaccine to provide protection against Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica within 7 days.

Bought in calves option 3

 

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References
1. VAN DER FELS-KLERX, H.J. et al. (2002) Livestock Production Science 75, 157-1661
2. BACH, A. (2012) J Anim Sci 90, 1835-1845.
3. Morrison, S. (2013) Veterinary Ireland Journal Vol 3 (5) 264-268
4. BACH, A. (2011) J Dairy Sci 94 (2), 1052-1057

  

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